Hello, it’s IINO.
I would like to broadcast IINO san’s Logistics Radio.
Today, I would like to talk about, “Containership ONE is second only to Toyota in profits. Concerns over one leg of the strike.”
Daily Logistics Radio by IINO san in 28th June 2022
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ONE, Second Highest Profit After Toyota
ONE, Ocean Network Express, a container shipping company jointly owned by NYK, MOL, and Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, is performing well.
In the fiscal year ending March 31, 2022, ONE posted net income of $16.7 billion, a five-fold increase from the previous fiscal year and second only to Toyota Motor Corp.’s $21.04 billion.
ONE’s Profit Scale
However, amid growing concerns of an economic slowdown, the company’s reliance on container shipping as a single leg of its business is reportedly still fraught with dangers.
ONE just turned a net profit of $105 million in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2008, its second year in business, and has rapidly expanded 160-fold in the two years since then.
This is more than the $7.45 billion of NYK, the parent company and the largest in terms of profit size.
Container loadings did not increase in the last fiscal year, and most of the increase in earnings was due to higher freight rates.
ONE is highly profitable from a global perspective.
This is because the ratio of Asia-North America routes, which are considered a “dollar box,” is as high as 30%.
ONE’s North America-bound routes have been fully loaded since the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021.
There is also the issue of how to proceed with the growth strategy.
Diversification of Shipping Companies
Relying on the containership business, which has its ups and downs, is risky, and the world’s major shipping companies are rushing to diversify their businesses.
In March 2022, MSC, the largest container shipping company in Switzerland, acquired the African logistics business of French company Bolloré for 5.7 billion euros.
Maersk announced that it will acquire Hong Kong logistics company LF Logistics in 2021 and U.S. logistics company Pilot Freight Service in 2022.
And it announced also the establishment of a cargo aircraft company, Maersk Air Cargo in April.
CMA-CGM is also acquiring non-vessel businesses.
ONE Focuses on Containership Business
In contrast, ONE has drawn a line in the sand with diversification.
CEO Jeremy Nixon says, “Our environmental strategy is our main focus and we will focus on the containership business.”
The parent company is also dismissive of ONE’s diversification.
The president of MOL says, “If ONE is serious about aiming for the next stage of growth, diversification into logistics and warehousing is a candidate, but there are many difficulties because three companies have already developed this business and competition would arise.”
Each company has its own logistics company, Yusen Logistics, MOL Logistics, and K-Line Logistics.
However, he states that there is no denying that there is a danger in relying on the containership business.
With the current global economic slowdown becoming a growing concern, a senior analyst at JP Morgan Securities noted that “a deterioration in market conditions is inevitable from here on out.”
Positioning of ONE Based on its Formation
Although ONE does not disclose this information, based on the earnings forecasts of the three shipping companies, we estimate that ONE’s net income for the current fiscal year is expected to decline 30% to around $13.3 billion.
As of June, ocean freight rates have declined.
The tide will turn again depending on the progress of labor-management negotiations on the West Coast of North America, but for now we do not know what will happen.
The parent companies were once troubled by the large fluctuations in the performance of their containership businesses and kept the risk away by merging them into a single company accounted for by the equity method, and they cannot remain unaffected.
How the three companies position ONE is once again being questioned.
Dangers of Logistics-only Competition
Three Japanese shipping companies have already developed logistics companies, and because of the different history of their formation from other shipping companies, they have a single logistics leg.
Trying to catch up with MSC on this single container leg is also quite different, so it is tough to compete in terms of scale.
Therefore, they are focusing on the “environmental” position, which other shipping companies are also consciously working on.
The industry leaders are beginning to focus on total logistics, and I believe this will become a trend in the future.
The scale of Japanese transportation is not large, and routes involving Japan will no longer be a strength.
It will be interesting to see if the current strategy will work in the future when India and Africa, rather than Asia and Southeast Asia, become production areas, or when near-shore becomes the standard.
That’s all for today. Thank you.