This time, let’s look at Incoterms C Group – CFR/CIF/CPT/CIP.
Our company works as a freight forwarder in Thailand, CFR and CIF trading conditions are used by the customer, due to the volume of exports from Thailand.
Let’s take a closer look.
Video Explanation about CFR/CIF/CPT/CIP
Firstly, let me explain about “Incoterms”.
“Incoterms” is a terms and condition of cost and risk responsibilities for trading between buyers and sellers.
Remember, they are international trading terms which clarify sellers’ and buyers’ cost and risk responsibilities from location to location.
CFR and CIF
Now, let’s take a look at the terms CFR and CIF first.
CFR is a short form of “Cost and Freight”. Therefore, sometimes it is written as “C&F”, but the correct short form is “CFR”.
CIF is a short form of “Cost, Insurance and Freight”. The difference between CFR and CIF is insurance, “I” stands for “Insurance”, which makes it easy to remember.
Cost responsibility of CFR and CIF
The following illustration explains CFR and CIF cost and risk responsibilities. Sellers are responsible for the cost until the cargo arrives at the importing port.
Risk responsibility of CFR and CIF
In terms of risk responsibilities, sellers are responsible until the cargo is loaded onto a vessel at the exporting port, once cargo is loaded onto a vessel, it becomes the buyers’ responsibility.
Remember, on CFR and CIF, the location of changing the cost and risk responsibilities are not the same.
Insurance of CFR and CIF
With CIF, it is the responsibility of the exporter to arrange insurance.
CFR does not include any insurance, therefore the importer will either waive insurance or they will arrange insurance.
・CIF：Exporter arrange Insurance
・CFR：Importer arrange Insurance or no insurance for the shipment
Exporter and Importers point of view
Well, let’s see the difference from each the exporter and importers point of view. In what kind of condition, CFR and CIF will be good enough to use?
Exporters point of view
From an exporter’s point of view, if they are exporting high volume cargoes and have a business with a freight forwarder who has strength and experience in exporting to certain countries, they have additional advantages when using CRF or CIF.
Under these conditions, the exporter is responsible for cost until the cargo arrives at the importing port.
Importers point of view
From an importer’s point of view, if you are importing cargo from the country for the first time,or if the freight forwarder is not familiar with the importing countries practices,
you may wish to choose CFR or CIF trading conditions, where the exporter’s take increased responsibility.
CPT and CIP
Under group C, in addition to CFR and CIF, there are also CPT and CIP terms.
Risk responsibility of CPT and CIP
The location of the risk responsibility changes once the cargo is on the deck of vessel when using CFR and CIF.
Alternatively, the location of risk responsibility changes at exporting CY and CFS when using CPT and CIP.
This means CPT and CIP are the conditions used when exporting using container vessels.
Cost Responsibility of Incoterms “C Group”
In terms of cost responsibility, under group C, exporters take responsibility up until the vessel arrives at the importing port.
Difference of CPT and CIP
The following explains the difference between CPT and CIP;
As in the case of CFR and CIF, “I” in CIP stands for insurance, which in turn means CPT does not include insurance.
In this instance, all you need to remember is that “I” will always stand for insurance.
Finally, let’s check your understanding.
This time, we explained the difference between CFR and CIF. Also, we explained the advantages of these terms on cost and risk responsibility of importers and exporters, when considering cargo volume.
CFR and CIF are the business terms that are often used on trading practices, it is important to understand the difference.